Metodika prevence kriminality v sociálně vyloučených lokalitách spolu s koncepční přílohou Analýza možností a širších souvislostí prevence kriminality v SVL poskytuje znalosti a aplikovatelná opatření prevence kriminality, která může vyplývat z existence sociálně vyloučených lokalit. Jejím cílem je nabídnout na různých úrovních sociální a situační prevence existující, ale i nové postupy, které slouží k identifikaci, předcházení a snižování bezpečnostních rizik včetně sociálního napětí. Je určena všem subjektům a aktérům na lokální i celostátní úrovni vstupujícím do dané problematiky.
Crime Prevention in Socially Excluded Localities: A Handbook aims at formulation of instruments and measures leading to decrease in crime, victimization and social harm in socially excluded localities in the Czech Republic. Social exclusion is a condition that certainly has impact on security and crime; however, its causes are often structural and go far beyond the scope of traditional crime prevention. This handbook goes beyond this narrow approach to crime prevention and proposes policy measures in manner and range corresponding with the depth and breadth of social exclusion as a complex social phenomenon. This makes the handbook distinctive and non-standard in certain aspects.
In contrast with traditional crime-prevention handbooks (or handbooks in general) which tend to focus on a single problem or the utility of a specific policy measure, this handbook covers a wide range of issues. It deals with eight categories of crime prevention which are to some extent specific for socially excluded localities: property crime, loansharking (usury) and debts, frauds related to the poverty business, violent crime, hate crime, domestic violence, public order, and drug abuse. In these categories, the handbook proposes more than 130 specific policy measures whose projected social impact lies far beyond the scope of social exclusion.
The handbook stresses specific situational and social policy measures as well as long-term policies dealing with structural problems that reproduce or deepen social exclusion and its symptoms. Many security problems are deeply connected to the socio-economic condition of inhabitants of socially excluded localities and their limited social mobility. The measures centre on the local level and actors that operate there. To be truly effective, these measures have to be supported by more systemic and structural measures such as a Social Housing Law to make affordable, non-segregated public housing systematically available for anyone in need, or an Insolvency Law, allowing debt relief for people unable to escape the debt trap.
The handbook offers knowledge and usable crime prevention measures to deal with the problems produced by social exclusion. It proposes established as well as new approaches and techniques operating on various levels of social and situational crime prevention and dealing with identification, prevention and reduction of security risks, including social tensions. The handbook, especially the material included within the annex, is intended as a tool for all subjects and actors who deal with crime prevention in socially excluded localities at the local, regional as well as national level.
Keywords: social exclusion, socially excluded localities, crime prevention, Czech Republic.